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Glossary of Terms

This Glossary of Terms provides an authoritative reference for key terminology in the field of aviation software, including but not limited to Weight and Balance Systems, flight management, and other associated functionalities. The glossary is intended for periodic updates to incorporate evolving terms in the sector.


Aft Limit – Dive into the relevance of the Aft Limit in aircraft operations and the role of A-ICE solutions in ensuring precise adherence.

Aircraft Weighing Procedure


Ballast – Ballast ensures optimal aircraft balance and stability by adjusting weight distribution during varied flight conditions.


Center of Gravity (CG) – Center of Gravity (CG) determines an aircraft’s balance point, crucial for flight safety and performance.

CG Limits


Datum Line – The Datum Line serves as aviation’s standardized reference, essential for accurate aircraft measurements and safety calculations.


Empty Weight


FAA Certification – Explore the importance of FAA Certification in setting and maintaining aviation safety and performance benchmarks.

Forward Limit – The Forward Limit defines the frontmost safe position for an aircraft’s Center of Gravity, crucial for maintaining stability and control.

Fuel Load


Gross Weight – Gross Weight determines an aircraft’s total mass and is crucial for safe, efficient flight operations.


In-Flight Weight Distribution – In-Flight Weight Distribution ensures optimal aircraft balance during flight for safety and performance.


Landing Weight – Landing Weight is key for safe aircraft landing, requiring precise management for operational safety and efficiency.

Lateral Balance

Load Distribution

Load Factor

Load Planning – Load Planning is essential in aviation for ensuring aircraft balance, safety, and operational efficiency.

Load Sheet


Mass and Balance System – The Mass and Balance System is critical in aviation for safe and efficient aircraft operation, encompassing weight management and CG positioning.

Maximum Allowable Weight – Maximum Allowable Weight is a key factor in aviation safety, governing the maximum weight for aircraft takeoff and flight.

Maximum Landing Weight – Maximum Landing Weight is crucial in aviation for ensuring safe and compliant landing operations.

Maximum Ramp Weight

Maximum Takeoff Weight

Maximum Zero Fuel Weight





Operational Empty Weight (OEW) – Operational Empty Weight is crucial for accurate flight planning and performance assessment in aviation.


Payload – Payload encompasses passengers, cargo, and baggage in aviation, essential for economic viability and operational safety.

Pilot-in-Command Responsibility

Preflight Weight Check


Ramp Weight

Reference Datum



Takeoff Weight

Total Aircraft Weight


Useful Load


Weight and Balance Calculation – A comprehensive guide to understanding the significance of Weight and Balance Calculation in aviation.

Weight and Balance Manual – Comprehensive guide on the Weight and Balance Manual and its crucial role in aviation safety and performance.

Weight and Balance Report – A thorough guide explaining the importance and components of Weight and Balance Reports in aviation.

Weight and Balance System – A detailed guide on the role and importance of Weight and Balance Systems in aviation safety and efficiency.

Weight Shift – Understand the crucial role of weight shift in ensuring aircraft stability and safety, and explore advanced solutions for effective weight management.


Zero Fuel Weight – Explore the importance of Zero Fuel Weight in aviation safety and efficiency, and learn about A-ICE’s reliable solutions for precise ZFW calculations.


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